Essential fatty acids (EFAs) are fatty acids that humans and other animals must consume from external sources, as the body requires them for good health but cannot synthesize them. The fatty acids known to be essential for humans are alpha-linolenic acid (an omega-3 fatty acid) and linoleic acid (an omega-6 fatty acid). Omega−3 fatty acids are polyunsaturated fatty acids (contain more than one double bond in their backbone). They play an important role in the human diet and in human physiology.
The three types of omega−3 fatty acids involved in human physiology are alpa-linolenic acid (ALA), found in plant oils, and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), both commonly found in marine oils.
Various enzymes, (desaturases) found to be present in different layers of the skin, are involved in essential fatty acids metabolism in the epidermis. These processes are important for the maintenance of the skin homeostasis.
Linoleic acid (omega 6) is an essential building block for the ceramides in the epidermis. Ceramides are a special type of lipids, which comprise 40 to 50% of the lipids in the stratum corneum (SC). The presence of Linoleic acid in SC ceramides is essential for the permeability barrier function of the skin. By supporting the barrier function of the skin, essential fatty acids reduce trans epidermal water loss (TEWL) and increase the moisture content of the skin.
Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids improve the firmness of the skin by inhibiting the activity of MMP enzymes. MMP enzymes break down collagen and other dermal matrix components, which support the three dimensional structure of the skin. Omega-3 fatty acids also reduce the synthesis of various compounds involved in skin irritation and aging process. Thus, provide a substantial anti-aging activity.
Goji berry Skin Revitalizing Serum
Goji berry (Lycium barbarum) has been used in China for more than 2,000 years as a traditional medicinal herb and food supplement. Today, goji berries are considered a superfruit and consumed worldwide. The primary active components are Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBPs) composed of various monosaccharides such as fucose, ribose, rhamnose, arabinose, xylose, mannose and galactose. Other constituents of the Goji berry fruits are carotenoids, glycosphingolipids, ascorbyl glucoside, phytosterols, flavonoids and vitamins (in particular, riboflavin, thiamine, and ascorbic acid).
Significant anti-aging effects of LBPs and other major components have been reported in many scientific publications. In skin cells it has been demonstrated that LBPs possess a significant anti-oxidative and calming effects against UV-B induced photo damage.
LBPs also show anti-aging activity in the skin by significantly suppressing MMP-9 enzyme expression and promote the survival of human fibroblasts in harsh conditions. The MMP’S (Matrix Metallo Proteinases) are a group of about 20 enzymes specialized in the breakdown of the extra cellular matrix components such as various collagen types, elastin and hyaluronic acid.
LBPs also have a prebiotic activity, it promote the development of some beneficial probiotic bacteria.
Goji berry Skin Revitalizing Serum contains PhytoCellTec™ Goji.
PhytoCellTec™ Goji is a novel active ingredient based on goji berry plant stem cells which improves cell-to-cell communication and boots the synthesis of matrix components such as collagen and elastin.
Treatment with PhytoCellTec™ Goji significantly improves skin density, reduces wrinkle depth and enhances the oval face shape through reduced sagging of the facial contours.
In a clinical study, 23 women aged 41 - 69 years with signs of photo-ageing, applied a cream containing 0.4% PhytoCellTec™ Goji (or a corresponding placebo cream) for two months.
After 28 days, ultrasonic measurements showed a significant improvement of skin density for the treatment with PhytoCellTec™ Goji.
Furthermore, after 56 days, a significant decrease in wrinkle depth in sides of the face (the crow’s feet area) was be measured. Notably, not only fine wrinkles below the eye appeared smoother, but deeper lines were also visibly improved.
Representative before/after pictures of two volunteers to illustrate the decrease in wrinkle depth on crow’s feet after 56 days treatment with 0.4% goji stem cell active.
Goji berry Skin Revitalizing Serum is a rich serum with a light texture.
In addition to PhytoCellTecTM Goji, it contains vegetable squalane, Hemp seed oil and an effective vitamin C derivative.
HEMP ESSENTIAL - HEMP MOISTURIZING CREAM
Cream with light texture, contains Aquaxyl - a new generation of moisturizer which stimulates the synthesis of proteins and enzymes essential to the function of the skin barrier. Aquaxyl also stimulates the synthesis of the amino acids (NMF), ceramides and hyaluronic acid.
The cream also contains "PHYCOSACCHARIDE" (obtained from alga) which provides an effective protection against pollution and environmental factors. Recent studies indicate that pollution accelerates skin ageing. PHYCOSACCHARIDE works like a thin and invisible mask that catches impurities to avoid their penetration.
Another active ingredient, PEPHA-AGE, obtained from a special freshwater micro-alga, protects the skin against the harmful effects of blue light. Blue light is the shortest and highest-energy wave length of the visible light spectrum. Blue light is actually everywhere. Sources of blue light include the sun, digital screens (TVs, computers, laptops, smart phones and tablets), electronic devices, and fluorescent and LED lighting.
PEPHA-AGE protects against oxidative stress and prevents skin premature aging which is accelerated by exposure to blue light. It promotes even skin tone, stimulates collagen production and repairs the skin barrier function. The cream contains also a combination of sun filters.
Hemp Essential - Calamina Calming Mask
This mask is designed to provide a strong skin calming effect and to support the skin barrier function. It contains a combination of ten different efficient active ingredients:
Calamine – effective ingredient against itchiness and skin irritation.
Calendula oil - Calendula oil is a natural oil extracted from marigold flowers (Calendula officinalis). Calendula oil has efficient skin calming properties that make it useful for treating reddish skin.
Hemp seed oil - a valuable source of essential omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids reduce the synthesis of various compounds involved in skin irritation and provide a substantial calming action.
Zinc - Zinc is very effective against free radicals, reduces oxidative stress and irritation.
Niacinamide - niacinamide provides an effective soothing effect and was found efficient for treating reddish skin.
Symcalmine (hydroxyphenyl propamidobenzoic acid) – belong to the group of compounds called "Avenanthramides" only found in oats. There are strong evidences in the scientific literature regarding the potential calming effect of avenanthramides against redness and itchiness.
Aqua Cactin - Decreases the release of substances associated irritation processes and provide substantial calming effect.
Bisabolol – Alpha bisabolol is the primary constituent of the essential oil from German chamomile, bisabolol is known to have anti-irritant properties.
Aloe vera - Aloe vera Leaf Juice is well known for its strong soothing effect.
Vitamin E - Vitamin E is an antioxidant, it prevents oxidative damage to cells by helping to remove free radicals and helps protect the skin from damage. Vitamin E also strengthen skin barrier function and effectively soothes the skin.
The mask partly dries on the skin and it is suitable for all skin types.
Hemp Essential Serum for Dry Skin
This serum consist of oils mixture. It contains 10% cold pressed hemp seed oil together with 5% vitamin E and squalene. The serum imparts a soft silky feel to the skin, improves the texture of the skin and provides efficient anti-aging action due to the high content of essential fatty acids.
Hemp Essential Cream Mask for Dry Skin
The mask has an extremely rich creamy texture. It contains hemp seed oil, Jojoba oil, vitamin E and niacinamide. These active ingredients provide intensive softening, moisturizing and anti-aging effects.
For maximum effect, it is recommended to leave the mask on the face for the night. This cream mask may also be used as an intensive nourishing cream for very dry skin types.